Pravda

The most important newspaper of the Soviet era is now available online in a complete archive, in searchable text and full-image

Pravda (or “Truth”) was the official voice of Soviet communism and the Central Committee of the Communist Party between 1918 and 1991.

About Pravda

Founded in 1912 in St. Petersburg, Russia, Pravda originated as an underground, daily workers’ newspaper, and soon became the main newspaper of the revolutionary wing of the Russian socialist movement. From 1912 to 1914, Pravda was subjected to constant persecution, fines, penalties, and prohibitions by the government. To avoid censorship and forced closures, the name of the newspaper changed eight times. In 1914 when the Russian Empire entered World War I, the Russian government moved to close down all subversive newspapers and military censorship was reimposed. After February 1917, when Tsar Nicholas II was deposed and replaced by the Provisional Government, Pravda became the official organ of the Bolshevik Central Committee and was allowed to reopen. When Lenin strongly condemned the Provisional Government and editorials in Pravda soon called the government “counter-revolutionary”, Pravda was once again subject to censorship and was forced to change names, as in tsarist times. When the Bolsheviks seized power during the October Revolution in 1917, Pravda became the official publication, or “organ”, of the Soviet Communist Party.

Throughout the Soviet era, party members were obligated to read Pravda. The paper’s primary role was to deliver the official line of the Central Committee of the PSU. Pravda remained the official voice of Soviet communism up until 1991, when Boris Yeltsin signed a decree closing Pravda down. After the collapse of the USSR, nationalist and communist journalists intermittently published a print newspaper and an online newspaper under the name Pravda. Today, Pravda represents the oppositional stance of the Communist Party in the Russian Federation.

Why Pravda is Important to Researchers Today

IThe unprecedented level of access made possible by the Pravda Digital Archive offers views essential to understanding the span of Soviet history, from purges to thaws, and from all segments of society. From one easy search, this primary source offers a rich repository for researchers of language, history, international relations, economics, social sciences, and so much more.

Pravda Digital Archive

Now the Soviet newspaper of record is available online in a complete archive, in full-text and full-image, from its inception in 1912. The deep backfile of Pravda has previously been difficult to access, very rarely in a complete collection and only in microfilm or rare and fragile print. Pravda Digital Archive encompasses this entire, vast archive.

East View has indexed the data and loaded full-image, text-searchable files onto its Universal Database platform, allowing researchers to navigate and find the articles they need quickly and easily, and export images and text for use in other applications.

Users may also:

  • Browse and view articles, up to 90 years after publication, in the original layout and design
  • Copy text directly from images
  • Retrieve an article or images online, anywhere on campus, from East View's Universal Database platform
  • Cross-search the Pravda Digital Archive with other UDB resources
  • Save, print or email content
  • Use powerful zoom tools to enhance reading
  • Perform searches in Cyrillic or transliteration
  • Reference permanent URLs for correct citations
  • See photos, cartoons, and advertisements from Soviet times, now accessible as never before
  • With permanent URLs, a convenient Cyrillic virtual keyboard, the ability to search in transliteration, and cross-search capability using the same robust platform as East View’s Universal Databases, the Pravda Digital Archive benefits primary research while at the same time alleviating library storage and shelf space needs, eliminating damage to hardcopy.

    Pravda home page on East View's UDB platform
    Searching East View's Pravda Digital Archive

    The Pravda Digital Archive offers scholars the most comprehensive collection available for this title, and features full page-level digitization, complete original graphics, and searchable text, and is cross-searchable with numerous other East View digital resources.

    East View is pleased to announce the English-language newspaper Pravda as our core newspaper in Global Press Archive. Ask for more information by providing your email in the form below.