China Reference Works (CRWO) is an authoritative, comprehensive and continuously updated reference database. It includes nearly 12,000 works from over 300 of China’s leading publishers, including dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries, specialized dictionaries, thesauruses, encyclopedias, illustrated books, biographies, handbooks, and so on. Content in CRWO covers a wide range of subjects, including philosophy, art, social science, culture, education, natural science, engineering, medicine, etc.
Offered via the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) platform, CRWO presents a digitized encyclopedia of Chinese knowledge and culture, integrating various types of reference works into a single platform. With in-depth indexing and classification, multiple options for browsing content, and powerful search and discovery tools, CRWO is an invaluable online resource for all aspects of Chinese studies.
NEW Collection Available on the Nanjing Massacre. Learn more.
CRWO includes nearly 12,000 volumes of reference books going back to 1965.
For more than ten years scholars visited museums all over the world to gather documentation on the Nanjing Massacre (1937-1938). What they found includes historical materials and accounts of the atrocity by perpetrators, victims and more.
This documentation and research was compiled into a 72-volume set well-known among many scholars as The Collection of Historical Materials on the Nanjing Massacre 南京大屠杀史料集. Available now as an online resource in the CRWO database, scholars can take advantage of the platform’s enhanced searching capabilities to discover even more insights from this authoritative reference work.
The digital edition of the 72-volume set is available now for a one-time purchase. Discounted pricing is available. Contact us to learn more or request a trial.
CNKI is the world’s most comprehensive online resource for accessing China’s intellectual output. This powerful platform is the product of Tongfang Knowledge Network, Beijing, and encompasses academic journals, dissertations, conference papers, news, and many other resources that put the knowledge of China in the sciences and humanities at your fingertips. With tens of millions of articles and growing every day, CNKI is a foundation for any serious research on China. CNKI is hosted in the United States by East View and updated daily.