China Legal Knowledge Database (CLKD) is a comprehensive cross-database legal knowledge discovery service, providing access to authoritative legal content from the People’s Republic of China, with coverage from 1949 to the present. Offered via the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) platform, CLKD comprises three sub-databases – Laws and Regulations, Cases, and Literary Papers – as well as featured content from government gazettes and contract documents.
CLKD features over 4 million articles, including various resource types such as journals, dissertations, conference proceedings, and newspapers on a wide range of subjects including jurisprudence and history of law, civil and commercial lay, environment and resources protection law, national security and military law, criminal law, and more. CLKD boasts comprehensive navigation and search tools, while its knowledge network and three-in-one displays of related laws and regulations, cases, and literary papers allow users to expand their research and comparative analysis of the development of legal thought in China.
CLKD offers primary and secondary sources that cover various legal topics.
CLKD-Laws and Regulations: Over 1.1 million articles since 1949; Covers laws, administrative, departmental, and local government regulations, judicial interpretations, industrial rules, and International treaties etc.
CLKD-Cases: Nearly 1 million articles since 1979; includes judicial documents released by national courts and case reviews by experts. Covers civil economic disputes, intellectual property right disputes, admiralty and maritime commerce disputes, criminal offence disputes, administrative reconsideration, cases of administrative execution, cases of judicial expertise, etc.
CLKD-Literary Papers: Over 3.2 million articles since 1979; sources include:
CLKD also inlcudes:
Government Gazettes: Over 450,000 articles since 1949; over 180 publications including policy papers, white papers, speeches by leaders, work reports, etc. Important publications from the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, State Council of the PRC, Ministry of Finance of the PRC, National Health Commission of the PRC, etc.
Contract Documents: Over 1,000 articles since 2000; includes instructive contracts from State Administration for Industry and Commerce, and associations of various industries.
CLKD content is classified according to 14 categories and hundreds of subjects. Categories include:
CLKD features the most official sources and most comprehensive resource types:
CNKI is the world’s most comprehensive online resource for accessing China’s intellectual output. This powerful platform is the product of Tongfang Knowledge Network, Beijing, and encompasses academic journals, dissertations, conference papers, news, and many other resources that put the knowledge of China in the sciences and humanities at your fingertips. With tens of millions of articles and growing every day, CNKI is a foundation for any serious research on China. CNKI is hosted in the United States by East View and updated daily.